What is a P&A?

What it means to be a P&A

After Willowbrook, congress made sure that every state has a Protection and Advocacy agency. DRNC is the federally mandated P&A agency for North Carolina. Our mission is to advance and defend the legal and human rights of people with disabilities throughout North Carolina. We do this in many different ways. Because we are not a government agency, we can keep an eye on state laws, policies, and institutions to make sure they do not discriminate against or otherwise harm disabled people. If the state discriminates, we can take legal action. Learn more about P&As.

Some of the jobs that we do

Learn more about our areas of work.

Investigations and Monitoring

One of the main jobs of a P&A is monitoring the conditions of facilities and settings that serve people with disabilities. When necessary, the team launches investigations to uncover and address abuse, neglect, and exploitation.

Access Authority

When Congress created the P&A system, it gave every P&A broad authority to access facilities and settings that provide services, care, and treatment to people with disabilities. Those locations include but are not limited to, schools, group homes, day programs, adult care homes, nursing homes, psychiatric hospitals, and residential treatment facilities.

What does access authority mean? We can go in any of those buildings unannounced to check in on the people who live there. The people who run the facilities must allow us to come in and speak to anyone we want. We can ask questions and look for things that could hurt someone, and we talk to the staff about what we see. Our access authority applies to both state-run and privately owned settings.


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